Featuring Two AB Cochlear Implants:
HiResolution implantable technology is the foundation for optimal hearing. The quality of the sound delivered by a cochlear implant system is a direct result of how well the system captures and delivers the details of sound. The HiRes family of cochlear implant was designed to deliver all of the loudness, pitch, and timing information that is essential for natural sound perception and appreciation of music: it automatically encodes the widest range of intensities (up to 80 decibels), it is capable of delivering frequency information to 120 cochlear places using a patented delivery method called current steering, and it provides up to 83,000 pulses per second1.
The number and placement of the actual electrode contacts should not dictate the pitch differences a recipient can detect. Under software control, the 16 independent current sources of the AB implant can steer stimulation to 120 separate locations along the cochlea, thereby increasing the amount of frequency information that can be delivered2. Recipients may take advantage of this enhanced spectral information to hear more pitches, which can improve speech understanding in noise, music appreciation, and tonal language perception.3,4,5 In fact, using psychoacoustic tests, some AB implant recipients can hear as many as 451 distinct pitches with current steering.6
Spiral Ganglion Cells in the Cochlea
Single electrode contact stimulated and
focused on adjacent SG cells
Spiral Ganglion Cells in the Cochlea
Two electrode contacts simultaneously stimulated and focused on SG cells between the actual contact locations
Current Steering allows to stimulate the Spiral Ganglion cell population between electrode contacts.
AB recipients can use fine spectral and temporal information to hear sound accurately, enabling them to better understand tonal information in speech and to enjoy music.6,7,8 An adult will have the best opportunity to reconnect with the hearing world; a child can have access to the best speech and language development possible.9,10,11
All Advanced Bionics recipients or their caregivers can be confident that the implant is functioning properly and that they can benefit from all features of our technology thanks to the proprietary Bidirectional Inductive Communication Link that relays information about the implant’s functional status in real time back to the sound processor. The implant together with the sound processor build a closed loop that ensure proper functioning of the system.
The HiRes™ Ultra and 90K Advantage cochlear implants exceed the industry standard for impact resistance12, 13, 14 and allow recipients to participate in everyday activities and sports without worry. All implant components are highly reliable and durable.15, 16, 17
With HiRes Ultra and HiRes 90K Advantage cochlear implants, Cochlear Implant MRI’s can be safely performed.
The HiRes™ Ultra cochlear implant was developed in collaboration with leading cochlear implant surgeons to meet the surgical need and those of the recipient.
To make insertion easy and to provide flexibility for surgeons, the implant is designed for a shallow 1mm ramped recess, requiring minimal drilling to reduce surgery time. The thin 4.5mm profi le and small footprint offers a discreet solution once implanted, making it suitable for both adults and children.
The HiRes Ultra implant offers two electrode designs, the straight HiFocus™ SlimJ electrode and the precurved HiFocus™ Mid-Scala electrode, to offer the surgeon a choice based on their practice preferences and the recipient’s anatomy. Both electrodes share the HiFocus design elements.
HiFocus electrode contacts are encased in a slim flexible tapered silicone carrier to minimize insertion forces and damage to cochlear structures during surgery.18,19,20 HiFocus electrodes are designed with balanced stiffness, which allows for easy insertion within the scala tympani while making it less prone to bend upwards towards the basilar membrane and translocate. By minimizing cochlear disruption, HiFocus electrodes offer an increased opportunity for better hearing outcomes.21,22
HiFocus SlimJ electrode
HiFocus Mid-Scala electrode
The HiFocus SlimJ or HiFocus Mid-Scala electrode provide the surgeon with maximum surgical flexibility based upon surgical preference while maintaining patient performance.19,20,21
The HiFocus™ SlimJ electrode is the latest approved electrode technology, designed for ease of handling and insertion. It is offered as a straight electrode with a gentle curvature, designed to be easily and smoothly inserted by freehand technique or with forceps. The main benefit of the gentle curvature next to easy insertion is to ensure electrode movement in the apical direction.
Protects cochlear structures.
Allows for ease of handling and insertion of the electrode.
Ensures electrode movement in the apical direction.
For easy and smooth round window insertion.
Key to the design are the elements that allow a surgeon to easily handle the electrode in the surgical space and insert with minimal trauma to the delicate cochlea structures.19 The HiFocus SlimJ electrode has been designed to have balanced stiffness and flexibility to offer smooth insertion and protect cochlear structures. The wing feature allows for the best possible visualization of the cochlea, and precise control of the angle and speed of insertion. It provides an easy area for a surgeon to hold and control the electrode, even into the facial recess.
The HiFocus SlimJ electrode can be introduced into the cochlea by a surgeon’s preferred approach — by using round window, extended round window, or small cochleostomy, requiring only a 0.8mm opening. The tip feature is intended to ease the insertion through the round window.
“Brilliant electrode design, easy to insert without any resistance maintaining the right orientation, resistant to rotation, and fills the round window beautifully. HiFocus SlimJ is an ideal array for hearing preservation”
- Mr Sherif Khalil, MD, Cochlear Implant Surgeon, UK
A marker provides visual indication of insertion depth — the 23mm indicator represents approximately 420° in a standard cochlea, covering the main spiral ganglion population23 to provide optimal spectral coverage.
Graph showing angular insertion depths of HiFocus SlimJ across 40 samples19
Cochlear structure preservation allows for the best possible hearing outcomes in recipients. Studies have shown that recipients may perform better when cochlear structures are undamaged by the electrode insertion.18,21,22,23 The HiFocus SlimJ electrode can be inserted and reinserted up to three times.
Histology showing HiFocus SlimJ electrode ideally positioned in the Scala Tympani (Eshraghi Scale ‘0’)19
“Based on our multi-center studies in association with investigators at UCSF over the past 18 years, and a review of published reports, the results with the Hifocus SlimJ electrode are remarkable. The HiFocus SlimJ preserves cochlear structures better than any other lateral wall electrode tested to date.”
- Steve Rebscher, Specialist, Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
The HiFocus™ Mid-Scala electrode is the smallest styleted precurved electrode designed for consistent positioning in the scala tympani to protect the delicate cochlear structures.
Only pre-curved electrode in the market designed for an easy controlled one hand insertion.
Only electrode in the market designed to be placed mid-scala in the scala tympani.
For Round Window insertion, with Straight Tip region to avoid tip fold over.
Key to the design are the precurved shape, allowing the HiFocus Mid-Scala electrode to be inserted consistently with minimal cochlea trauma,20 a straight tip region to avoid tip fold overs, and if desired, the electrode can be loaded on a dedicated insertion tool to support a controlled insertion.
The HiFocus Mid-Scala electrode can be introduced into the cochlea by a surgeon’s preferred approach — freehand or by use of the insertion tool. It can be inserted using the round window, extended round window, or small cochleostomy approach, requiring only a 0.8mm opening. The tip feature is intended to ease the insertion through the round window
The distal blue marker can be used to ensure the electrode is properly positioned prior to the off stylet technique, thus avoiding tip fold over issues. The proximal blue marker provides a visual indication of a ‘full’ insertion depth — representing approximately 420° angular insertion in a standard cochlea, covering the main spiral ganglion population23 for optimal spectral coverage.
The length and curvature of the HiFocus Mid-Scala allows for proven consistency of full spectral coverage with 422° insertion depth signifying coverage of main Spiral Ganglion cell population23 with a tight standard deviation of 20.7°.
Graph showing angular insertion depths of HiFocus Mid-Scala across 35 samples17
The shape of the HiFocus Mid-Scala places the electrode within the scala tympani, close to the spiral ganglion cells for maximum performance.18,23 The electrode dimensions easily fit within the scala tympani which has been shown to protect the delicate structures of the cochlea20 whilst avoiding damage to the modiolus, osseous spiral lamina and the basilar membrane.20,24,25 HiFocus Mid-Scala, being located central to perimodiolar, has an ideal basal placement for high frequencies.24 The HiFocus Mid-Scala electrode can be inserted and reinserted up to three times.
Histology showing HiFocus Mid-Scala electrode ideally positioned in the middle of the scala tympani.
New and improved HiRes 90K™ Advantage cochlear implant leads the industry cumulative survival rate (CSR)17, a measure that defines the likelihood of a device continuing to function over time. You can rest assured that an AB cochlear implant will continue to work so that you may always hear your best.
* For availability please contact your AB sales representative
Designed to be inserted approximately 25mm into a normally patent cochlea, with highly effective lateral wall placement in the scala tympani, and very easy to insert. With a robust design and ease of implantation, the HiFocus 1j is the electrode of choice for many surgeons worldwide.
* For availability please contact your AB sales representative
Ruckenstein, Michael (2012) Cochlear Implants and Other Implantable Hearing Devices
Koch D. B., Downing M., Osberger M. J., and Litvak L. (2007). “ Using current steering to increase spectral resolution in CII and HiRes 90K users,” Ear Hear. 28(2)
Chang YT, Yang HM, Lin YH, Liu SH, Wu JL. Tone discrimination and speech perception benefi t in Mandarin speaking children fi t with HiRes fi delity 120 sound processing. Otol Neurotol. 2009 Sep;30(6):750-7. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0b013e3181b286b2.
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Levitin, Daniel (2007) - This is your brain on music, the science of a human obsession
Moira Yip (2002). Tone. (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
D. Hirst, A. Di Cristo (1998). A survey of intonation systems. In: D. Hirst, A. Di Cristo (Eds.). Intonation Systems, a Survey of Twenty Languages. Cambridge University Press Cambridge (1998)
EN 45502-2-3:2010. Active Implantable Medical Devices. Particular Requirements for Cochlear and Auditory Brainstem Implant Systems.
Internal testing per EN 45502-2-3:2010. Data on fi le.
Internal testing. Data on file.
ISO 5841-2 (2014) Implants for surgery -- cardiac pacemakers. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Geneva, Switzerland.
European Consensus Statement on Cochlear Implant Failures and Explantations. (2005) Otology and Neurotology, 26(6):1097-1099.
2017 Cochlear Implant Reliability Report, PN 027-N025-02
Rebscher SJ, Hetherington A, Bonham B, Wardrop P, Whinney D, Leake PA. Considerations for design of future cochlear implant electrode arrays: Electrode array stiffness, size, and depth of insertion. JRRD. 2008 45(5):731-748
Rivas A, Isaacson B, Kim A, Driscoll C, Cullen R, Rebscher S, (2017) New Lateral Wall Electrode, Evaluation of Surgical Handling, Radiological Placement, and Histological Appraisal of Insertion Trauma , San Francisco, July 26 -29, 2017.
Hassepass F, Bulla S, Maier W, Laszig R, Arndt S, Beck R, Traser L, Aschendorff A; The New Mid-Scala Electrode Array: A Radiologic And Histologic Study In Human Temporal Bones. Otology & Neurotology 2014; 35(8):1415-20
van der Jagt MA1, Briaire JJ, Verbist BM, Frijns JH., Comparison of the HiFocus Mid-Scala and HiFocus 1J Electrode Array: Angular Insertion Depths and Speech Perception Outcomes., Audiol Neurootol. 2016;21(5):316-325. doi: 10.1159/000448581. Epub 2016 Nov 21.
Finley CC, Holden TA, Holden LK, Whiting BR, Chole RA, Neely GJ, Hullar TE, Skinner MW. Role of electrode placement as a contributor to variability in cochlear implant outcomes. Otol Neurotol. 2008 Oct;29(7):920-8.
Avci Ersin, Nauwelaers Tim, Lenarz Thomas, Hamacher Volkmar, Kral Andrej, Variations in microanatomy of the human cochlea, The Journal of Comparative Neurology 2014 Oct 1; 522(14): 3245 -3261.
Gazibegovic D, Bero EM. (2016) Multicenter surgical experience evaluation on the mid-scala electrode and insertion tools. European Archives of Oto- Rhino-Laryngology (Aug 11, epub ahead of print).
Maja Svrakic, J. Thomas Roland Jr, Sean O. McMenomey, and Mario A. Svirsky. Initial Operative Experience and Short-term Hearing Preservation Results With a Mid-scala Cochlear Implant Electrode Array, Otol Neurotol. 2016 Dec;37(10):1549-1554.
Büchner A, Dyballa K-H, Hehrmann P, Fredelake S, Lenarz T. (2014) Advanced beamformers for cochlear implant users: Acute measurement of speech perception in challenging listening conditions. PLoS ONE 9(4): e95542.